报告题目：The Effects of Children's Gender Composition on Filial Piety and Old-Age Support
报 告 人：郭汝飞（武汉大学 助理教授）
主 持 人：占超群（中山大学岭南学院 助理教授）
Do parents forge children's preference for old-age support? Becker (1993) conjectures that the inculcation of filial piety increases parents' investment in children's human capital. Although theories on preference inculcation are on the rise, empirical investigations are lacking. We provide the first empirical evidence on parents' instilling of filial piety in children, by combining the natural experiment of twins with China's One-Child Policy to obtain exogenous variations in children's gender composition. We find that if a child has a brother instead of a sister, parents are less likely to instill filial piety in the child and less likely to seek old-age support from the child, especially when the child is a daughter. The results are consistent with a Beckerian model of filial-piety inculcation in which parents solicit support from the child with a higher earnings endowment. Our results also suggest that filial piety functions via altruism rather than guilt, and thus echo the Rotten Parent Theorem that filial piety facilitates efficient parental investment in children's human capital.
郭汝飞，香港中文大学经济学博士，武汉大学经济与管理学院助理教授，特聘副研究员，世界经济系副主任。研究方向为劳动与发展经济学。论文发表于Journal of Comparative Economics, Annals of Economics and Finance和《经济研究》等学术期刊。主持国家自然科学基金青年科学基金项目。